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Editorial| Volume 20, ISSUE 4, SUPPLEMENT , S7-S30, July 2011

I. Stroke in General

  • Author Footnotes
    1 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009, English version.
    ,
    Author Footnotes
    2 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009.
    Yukito Shinohara
    Footnotes
    1 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009, English version.
    2 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009.
    Affiliations
    Director, Federation of National Public Service Personnel Mutual Aid Associations, Tachikawa Hospital

    The Japan Stroke Society
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009, English version.
    Takehiko Yanagihara
    Footnotes
    1 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009, English version.
    Affiliations
    Professor Emeritus, Osaka University
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009, English version.
    Koji Abe
    Footnotes
    1 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009, English version.
    Affiliations
    Professor, Department of Neurology, Okayama University Medical School
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009, English version.
    Toshiki Yoshimine
    Footnotes
    1 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009, English version.
    Affiliations
    Professor, Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009, English version.
    Toshiyuki Fujinaka
    Footnotes
    1 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009, English version.
    Affiliations
    Assistant Professor, Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009, English version.
    Takayo Chuma
    Footnotes
    1 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009, English version.
    Affiliations
    Chief, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Shiga Medical Center for Adults
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009, English version.
    Fumio Ochi
    Footnotes
    1 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009, English version.
    Affiliations
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Self Defense Forces Central Hospital
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009, English version.
    Masao Nagayama
    Footnotes
    1 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009, English version.
    Affiliations
    Professor, Department of Neurology, International University of Health and Welfare, Atami Hospital
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  • Author Footnotes
    2 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009.
    Akira Ogawa
    Footnotes
    2 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009.
    Affiliations
    Japanese Society of Neurology. President, Iwate Medical University
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  • Author Footnotes
    2 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009.
    Norihiro Suzuki
    Footnotes
    2 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009.
    Affiliations
    Japanese Society of Neurology. Professor, Department of Neurology, Keio University School of Medicine
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  • Author Footnotes
    2 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009.
    Yasuo Katayama
    Footnotes
    2 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009.
    Affiliations
    Japanese Society of Neurological Therapeutics. Professor, Department of Internal Medicine [Divisions of Neurology, Nephrology and Rheumatology], Nippon Medical School
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  • Author Footnotes
    2 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009.
    Akio Kimura
    Footnotes
    2 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009.
    Affiliations
    The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine. Director, Professor, Keio University Tsukigase Rehabilitation Center
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  • Author Footnotes
    2 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009.
    Shotai Kobayashi
    Footnotes
    2 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009.
    Affiliations
    Director, Shimane University Hospital
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009, English version.
    2 For the Joint Committee on Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2009.
      Stroke is the third most common cause of death following cancer and cardiac diseases in Japanese people. This order has not changed since 1980.1 However, because stroke is the most common disease leading to a bedridden state and its incidence is 3- to 10-fold higher than that of myocardial infarction,2,3 there is no doubt that the prevention and treatment of stroke are important in Japan. Compared with Western countries, stroke may be more frequent in Japan due to differences in dietary habit such as higher salt intake and lower fat intake. The daily salt intake for Japanese people is around 12 g and is obviously higher than that for American people.4,5 Excessive salt intake is related to hypertension which is the greatest risk factor for stroke. In particular, salt sensitive hypertension is profoundly related to nocturnal hypertension, and may have a high risk of stroke.6
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