Original Article| Volume 24, ISSUE 8, P1761-1767, August 2015

Prognosis of Early-Stage Continuous Electrocardiogram Abnormalities on Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke


      To explore the effects of onset time of electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities at an early stage of acute ischemic stroke on patient prognosis. Cardiac dysfunction after stroke is a challenge for clinicians. This is a retrospective study of patients in the neurology departments of 23 hospitals in Shanghai and Wuhan, China.


      The medical records of 351 patients were compared. Chi-square, Kruskal–Wallis, Mann–Whitney U tests, and stratification compared subgroups. Logistic regressions analyzed factors associated with modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score.


      ECG abnormalities occurred in 70.1% of patients at an early stage (most were within 48 hours of disease onset) at least once, whereas 45.9% of the patients had ECG abnormalities within 48 hours of onset and at 7 days after onset. The incidence of poor prognosis (mRS >1) was significantly higher in the patients with ECG abnormalities for both time points than that in those with normal ECGs (56.3% versus 32%, odds ratio = 2.166). Most patients demonstrated 1 to 2 ECG abnormalities, and very few patients had 3 or more. Increasing number of ECG abnormalities was mirrored by poorer prognosis. ECG abnormalities occurred within 48 hours and at the seventh day after onset of acute ischemic stroke; the abnormalities that appeared within 48 hours and were still found on the seventh day after onset of the disease were independent predictors of poor patient prognosis.


      The incidence of abnormal ECGs was high in the patients with acute ischemic stroke, and the abnormal ECGs could appear at any stage of the disease.

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