Management of intracranial basilar dissecting aneurysms has been controversial and challenging, and surgical and conservative treatments usually have a bad prognosis. Our study aimed at evaluating the outcomes of endovascular treatment for these lesions and exploring the predictors of favorable outcome.
We retrospectively reviewed 50 consecutive patients with basilar dissecting aneurysms from January 2006 to January 2013. Twenty-four patients underwent stent-assisted coiling whereas 26 patients underwent conservative treatment. Follow-up outcomes were evaluated using modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score.
Of the patients treated with stent-assisted coiling, 20 patients had a favorable outcome (mRS score, 0-1), post-treatment recurrence occurred in 3 patients, 1 had rebleeding, and 2 had no rebleeding. Of the patients treated with conservative therapy (observation or anticoagulation), 10 patients had an unfavorable outcome, 2 patients with ruptured aneurysms developed rebleeding, and 8 patients had poor outcome because of infarct progression. Stent-assisted coiling group had a more favorable outcome than the conservatively treated group (83.3% versus 55.2%, P = .019). Initial complete obliteration was related to the favorable outcome in endovascular-treated group (P = .042). Stent placement was the only independent predictor of favorable outcome in the logistic regression analysis (P = .030; odds ratio = 5.828; 95% confidence interval, 1.192-28.503).
Patients with basilar artery dissecting aneurysms treated with stent-assisted coiling had a more favorable outcome than the conservatively treated patients. Stent placement and initial complete occlusion were the favorable factors in patients with basilar dissecting aneurysm.
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Published online: June 13, 2015
Accepted: May 13, 2015
Received in revised form: May 8, 2015
Received: January 25, 2015
The authors have no personal, financial, or institutional interest in any of the drugs, materials, or devices described in this article.
This work was supported by the 2012 National Science Foundation of China (grant No 81271315).
© 2015 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.