Stent-assisted coil embolization (SACE) is used to address wide-necked or complex aneurysms. However, as they may recanalize after SACE, predictors of recanalization are needed. We investigated the relationship between follow-up angiographic results and the morphology of sidewall (SW) aneurysms in patients treated by SACE.
Between September 2010 and September 2014, we performed 80 SACE procedures for SW intracranial aneurysms. Angiographic findings, obtained immediately after the procedure, 3-6 months thereafter, and when aneurysmal recanalization was suspected on MR angiogram scan, were recorded. Morphologically, the SW aneurysms were classified as “outside” (OS) and “partially inside” (PI) based on the curve of the axes of the proximal or distal parent artery with respect to the aneurysmal neck. Follow-up angiographic studies on OS- and PI SW aneurysms were compared.
On the initial angiograms, we classified 42 aneurysms as OS and 38 as PI. Immediately after SACE, there was no significant difference in the angiographic findings on OS and PI aneurysms. However, on follow-up angiograms, there was a significant difference in the rate of spontaneous improvement (4 of 42 [OS] versus 21 of 38 [PI], P = .001). We performed additional coil embolization to treat 3 recanalized OS aneurysms.
SW aneurysms classified morphologically as PI tended to occlude progressively even after incomplete occlusion by SACE. In contrast, aneurysms classified as OS must be observed carefully after SACE.
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Published online: December 04, 2015
Accepted: November 1, 2015
Received in revised form: September 29, 2015
Received: June 19, 2015
© 2016 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.