Research Article| Volume 25, ISSUE 3, P710-716, March 2016

Association between Low Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate and Risk of Cerebral Small-Vessel Diseases: A Meta-Analysis


      Although chronic kidney disease has been linked to cerebral small-vessel disease (CSVD), a definite relationship between them has not been established. This study assessed whether low estimated glomerular filtration is associated with risk of different subtypes of CSVDs.


      Electronic databases were systematically searched for studies reporting an odds ratio of the association between low estimated glomerular filtration and CSVD risk. Sixteen studies, including 10,534 participants, were identified. A fix effects model was applied and odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals were presented.


      Overall, risk of CSVDs was greater in individuals with low estimated glomerular filtration (OR = 2.20). Stratified analyses consistently showed significant associations across different subtypes, with pooled OR being greatest in subjects with silent cerebral infarction (SCI) (OR = 2.71) and cerebral microbleed (OR = 2.70). A pooled estimate of studies showing OR as a continuous variable showed results consistent with the former analysis (OR = .98 per standard deviation decrease) in low estimated glomerular filtration.


      This study revealed that low estimated glomerular filtration was significantly associated with risk of CSVDs. Low estimated glomerular filtration was most strongly associated with SCI (OR = 2.71) among subtypes of CSVDs.

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