Case Studies| Volume 26, ISSUE 2, e32-e33, February 2017

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Multiple Thromboembolic Cerebral Infarctions from the Aorta in a Patient with Churg–Strauss Syndrome

  • Hideo Okada
    Address correspondence to Hideo Okada, MD, Department of Neurological Surgery, Wakayama Rosai Hospital, 93-1, Kinomoto, Wakayama 640-8505, Japan.
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Wakayama Rosai Hospital, Wakayama, Japan
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      Ischemic stroke is a rare complication of Churg–Strauss syndrome (CSS) and its pathogenesis has not been well clarified yet. We report a case of cerebral infarction in a patient with CSS due to embolism from a thrombus on the wall of the aorta.


      A 39-year-old man had multiple cerebral infarctions with symptoms of mild left hemiparesis and reduced vision. He was clinically diagnosed to have CSS based on remarkable eosinophilia, history of asthma, sinusitis, pulmonary infiltrates, and histologically proven extravascular eosinophilic infiltrates in the specimen of gastric mucosa. Cerebral angiography did not show any stenotic lesions in cerebral arteries. A thrombus was detected on the wall of the aorta by transesophageal echocardiography, which was considered as the source of embolism. The thrombus resolved on follow-up examination 3 months after the onset of the stroke.


      This is the first case report on cerebral infarction caused by aortogenic thromboembolism in a CSS patient. Other than cerebral vasculitis, embolism from cardiovascular system, including the wall of the aorta, is a possible cause of cerebral infarctions in a CSS patient.

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