Research Article| Volume 29, ISSUE 4, 104603, April 2020

Utility of Dynamic Balance Measurements in Discriminating Community Ambulation Levels Among Individuals with Stroke: A Cross-sectional Study


      Objective: To examine the association between dynamic balance measurements and community ambulation levels among individuals with chronic stroke. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in 2-day care facilities for older adults located in urban areas. Forty-seven community-dwelling poststroke adults who could walk independently were participated. Community ambulation performance was assessed using the Functional Ambulation Classification of the Hospital at Sagunto (FACHS). Dynamic balance and mobility were measured with the Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test (Mini-BESTest), the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, and 10 m maximum walking speed. Results: Participants were classified into 3 groups according to FACHS scores: household (n = 15), neighborhood (n = 19), and community walkers (n = 13). Neighborhood and community walkers scored significantly higher on the Mini-BESTest and had a shorter TUG test time than household walkers. Community walkers had a significantly faster walking speed than household walkers, whereas neighborhood walkers did not have a faster walking speed than household walkers. Ordinal logistic regression analyses revealed the Mini-BESTest score (odds ratio [OR] 1.24; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.07-1.44) and the TUG test time (OR .91; 95% CI: .85-.98) were significantly associated with ambulation levels after adjusting for confounders. Conclusions: Dynamic balance measurement tools may have better responsiveness in detecting community ambulation levels among individuals with chronic stroke than walking speed.

      Key Words


      BRS (Brunnstrom Recovery Stage), CI (confidence interval), FACHS (Functional Ambulation Classification of the Hospital at Sagunto), Mini-BESTest (Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test), OR (odds ratio), TUG (Timed Up and Go)
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