To evaluate the development and management of cerebrovascular risk factors following a pregnancy with preeclampsia.
This is a retrospective chart review including women diagnosed with preeclampsia between 2012 and 2013 with later encounters within 2014-2016. For each subject that met inclusion criteria, the development of cerebrovascular risk factors was determined using ICD codes within the 2014-2016 electronic medical record (EMR). For subjects who developed risk factors, current treatment was determined from the EMR. Demographic data was also documented. Differences in the development and treatment of risk factors were compared among racial groups and age. Descriptive statistics were calculated using SAS statistical software.
Compared to prepregnancy health status, the incidence of hypertension increased by 1.7 times (P < .05), hyperlipidemia increased by 4.5 (P < .05), migraines increased by 2.2 (P < .05), and diabetes mellitus increased by 2 (P < .05) after a pregnancy with preeclampsia. Black non-Hispanics had highest rates of hypertension, obesity, and migraines (20.5%, 9.1%, and 6.8%, respectively.) Of hypertensives, 73.6% (42/57) were prescribed medication. Of diabetics, 88.9% (16/18) were prescribed medication. No patients with hyperlipidemia were prescribed a statin. Black non-Hispanics had higher rates of risk factor management (74.3% of hypertensives and 100% of diabetics treated) than white Hispanics (55% and 77.8%, respectively).
This study shows a significant increased risk of the development of cerebrovascular risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, migraines, and diabetes following a diagnosis of preeclampsia. Opportunities exist for the early treatment of these risk factors, which could reduce the long-term rate of stroke in these women
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Published online: March 24, 2020
Accepted: February 2, 2020
Received in revised form: January 27, 2020
Received: August 26, 2019
This study was conducted at Jackson Memorial Hospital, an affiliate of the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine.
There was no grant support for this study.
© 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.