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Transcranial Doppler 6 h after Successful Reperfusion as a Predictor of Infarct Volume

      Abstract

      Objectives

      The aim of the study is to analyze the hemodynamic changes in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) after endovascular revascularization in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) due to large vessel occlusion and its association with the infarct volume size in the control head CT.

      Materials and Methods

      Prospective study of patients with AIS due to internal carotid artery terminus or M1 segment of the MCA occlusion, who underwent endovascular treatment with a final TICI 2b-3 score, without concomitant stenosis ≥50% in both cervical carotid arteries. Transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) of both MCAs was carried out at 6 h after the endovascular procedure. Mean flow velocities (MFV) after arterial reperfusion and its association with the infarct volume size in 24−36 h control head CT were determined.

      Results

      91 patients (51 women) were included with a median age of 78 years and National institute of Health Stroke Scale of 18. The MCA was occluded in 76.92%, and intravenous thrombolysis was administered in 40.7%. The incidence of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage was 5.5%. At three months, mortality was 19.8% and a 52.7% of patients achieved functional independence (modified Rankin Scale 0-2). After a multivariable logistic regression analysis, an increase in the MFV greater than 50% at 6 h in the treated MCA compared to contralateral MCA, was an independent predictor of large infarct volume in the control head CT with an OR 9.615 (95%CI: 1.908−47.620), p=0.006

      Conclusions

      Increased MFV assessed by TCD examination following endovascular recanalization is independently associated with larger infarct volume

      Key Words

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