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Treatment outcome of coil embolization for distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysms: A single-center experience

      Abstract

      Objective

      In recent years, endovascular treatment has become the treatment of choice for distal anterior cerebral artery (DACA) aneurysms. In this study, we report the outcomes of coil embolization for DACA aneurysms.

      Methods

      Eighteen DACA aneurysms in 16 patients treated with endovascular treatment between January 2010 and December 2020 were included in this study. We retrospectively analyzed patient characteristics, data on aneurysms, the reason for the selection of endovascular treatment, treatment technique, and treatment outcomes.

      Results

      There were 18 procedures in 16 patients. The average age was 65.7 years and 56% of patients were male. The average diameter of the dome was 5.5 mm, and the location of aneurysm was A3 in 83% and A4 in 17%. We mainly selected endovascular treatment for patients with a past history of craniotomy and head trauma, or with systemic comorbidities. The technical success rate was 94%, and adequate obliteration immediately after treatment was achieved in 72%. There were no symptomatic periprocedural complications. The retreatment rate was 11.1%.

      Conclusion

      Coil embolization for DACA aneurysms yielded good treatment outcomes. Endovascular treatment for DACA aneurysms will become more common with advances in endovascular devices and the establishment of stable perioperative antiplatelet therapy.

      Keywords

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