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Stroke and stroke risk factors in women of reproductive age with a history of metabolic or bariatric surgery

      Abstract

      Objective

      To determine the odds of stroke in women of reproductive age who have had metabolic or bariatric surgery (MBS).

      Methods

      We used the National Inpatient Sample (NIS), a publicly available dataset that samples 20% of hospital discharges. The study population includes women between the ages of 20 and 44 without a maternal admission code. Weighted logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the odds of stroke in women with history of MBS compared to other women of reproductive age. Adjustment of odds was done for the following covariates: age, race, primary payer, severity of illness, depression, and obesity.

      Results

      Women with a history of MBS had 52% lower adjusted odds of having a stroke than women who did not have MBS (OR = 0.48, 95%CI = 0.42-0.55). Additionally, women who had MBS had lower odds of risk factors for stroke, including diabetes (OR = 0.61, 95%CI = 0.59-0.63), hypertension (OR = 0.82, 95%CI = 0.81-0.84), hypercholesterolemia (OR=0.72, 95%CI =0.68-0.77), and migraine with aura (OR = 0.86, 95%CI = 0.74-0.99).

      Conclusions

      Among women of reproductive age with a history of MBS, there were lower odds of having a stroke and stroke risk factors when compared to women who did not have MBS. Additionally, this study showed a modest decrease in the odds of stroke among women with obesity when adjusted for other risk factors. Future research should focus on examining this finding further, with a focus on the moderation of the impact of having obesity on stroke risk independent of other stroke risk factors.

      Keywords

      Abbreviations:

      MBS (metabolic or bariatric surgery), NIS (National Inpatient Sample), AHRQ (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality)
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