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Methods and early recruitment of the Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi—Post-acute Care (BASIC-PAC) Project

      Highlights

      • Mexican Americans have worse stroke outcome compared with non Hispanic whites.
      • This difference likely happens in the post-acute care (PAC) period.
      • We present the methods and early recruitment of a novel study of stroke PAC.
      • This study is recruiting well and poised to guide improvements in stroke equity.

      Abstract

      Objectives

      Compared with non-Hispanic whites (NHWs), Mexican Americans (MAs) have worse stroke outcomes. We report here the methods, background literature, and initial recruitment of the Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi-Post Acute Care (BASIC-PAC) Project which aims to explore PAC in MAs and NHWs from multiple perspectives: patients, caregivers, and community.

      Materials and methods

      Rigorous active and passive stroke surveillance captures all strokes in Nueces County, Texas. Stroke patients are followed for 90 days to determine their care transitions and factors influencing their rehabilitation setting. Informal caregivers of the stroke patients are identified and interviewed at 90 days to determine aspects of their caregiving and caregiver outcomes. Available community resources are compared with stated needs among stroke patient and caregivers to determine unmet needs.

      Results

      Between October, 2019 and October, 2021, among the 629 stroke patients eligible, 413 were MA, 227 were NHW. Of the 629, all of the six follow-up calls were completed by 355 of the MAs (87%) and 191 of the NHWs (87%). During this same time period, we attempted to approach 621 potential caregivers. Of these, 458 (73.8%) potential caregivers participated in interviews to determine caregiver eligibility, and 373 (81.4%) of these participating potential caregivers met the eligibility criteria.

      Conclusions

      BASIC-PAC has strong initial recruitment and is poised to provide valuable data on multiple aspects of PAC and how PAC differs by ethnicity and contributes to worse stroke outcomes in MAs. Based on the study findings, interventions can be developed that will improve stroke health equity.

      Keywords

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