Mutations in the MYH11 gene result in smooth muscle cell dysfunction and are associated with familial thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissection. We describe a pediatric patient with a stroke and a pathogenic MYH11 IVS32G>A mutation, and a phenotype similar to ACTA2.
A proband girl with an acute ischemic stroke underwent genetic analysis and 7T high-resolution MRI.
A 12-year-old girl presented with a right middle cerebral artery occlusion. She received thrombolysis and underwent mechanical thrombectomy. An extensive stroke work-up was negative. A three-generation pedigree showed a splice site mutation of MYH11 IVS32G>A of the proband and three more family members. A 7T-MRI showed “broomstick-like” straightening of distal arterial segments, a V-shaped anterior corpus callosum and a post-stroke cystic area of encephalomalacia. This vascular appearance and parenchymal abnormalities typically present in patients with an ACTA2 phenotype. 7T-MRI also demonstrated thickening of the right middle cerebral arterial wall.
This case suggests that MYH11 patients may have a similar angiographic and brain parenchymal phenotype to patients with ACTA2 mutations. This is the first report of arterial wall thickening in a MYH11 stroke patient using 7T-MRI. Patients with MYH11 mutations may display a focal cerebral steno-occlusive arteriopathy that may lead to stroke.
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Published online: January 06, 2023
Accepted: December 7, 2022
Received in revised form: November 28, 2022
Received: June 10, 2022
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