A foreign body granuloma after an endovascular intervention is a rare complication. Some cases of foreign body granulomas, especially after coil embolization, have been reported. However, only four cases of foreign body granulomas after mechanical thrombectomy (MT) have previously been reported. The current study reports two cases of post-MT foreign body granulomas, including a biopsy-proven case.
Material and Methods
Case 1: A 73-year-old woman presented with complete occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery. Cerebral angiography and MT were successfully performed with improvement in clinical symptoms. Left hemiparesis and a disturbance in attention appeared after discharge and progressed slowly. She was re-admitted to our hospital 120 days after cerebral infarction owing to foreign body granulomas diagnosed on biopsy. Case 2: A 78-year-old man presented with occlusion of the left cervical internal carotid artery and the left middle cerebral artery. Cerebral angiography, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, and MT were successfully performed. On the 34th day, he experienced progressive consciousness disorder because of foreign body granulomas. Both cases were successfully treated with steroid therapy.
MRI after steroid treatment showed the disappearance of most nodular lesions and improvement of the encephalopathy.
The cause of the granuloma may be an allergic reaction to the hydrophilic polymers that peel from endovascular devices. Steroid therapy is an effective treatment; therefore, neurologists should consider this complication when neurological symptoms or signs on image appears or worsens. A reliable diagnosis is important for prompt treatment.
Abbreviations:ACA (anterior cerebral artery), CSF (cerebrospinal fluid), DPHL (delayed post-hypoxic leukoencephalopathy), DWI (diffusion-weighted imaging), FLAIR (fluid-attenuated inversion recovery), MCA (middle cerebral artery), MRA (magnetic resonance angiography), MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), MT (mechanical thrombectomy), TICI (thrombolysis in cerebral infarction)
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Published online: January 12, 2023
Accepted: January 9, 2023
Received in revised form: January 6, 2023
Received: November 4, 2022
Work was carried out at Yokohama Brain and Spine Center.
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